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Brief History

 


The Department of Earth Science, founded as the Department of Geology in 1948, was among the first departments to move from old campus at Achimota to the current Legon main campus. It has since evolved with time in line with the current challenges dictated by global and national interests to a leading trainer of geoscientists in Ghana, West Africa, and beyond. The Department is the only academic establishment in Ghana currently offering courses leading to the award of degrees in Geology.

 

The Department of Earth Science has a rich tradition of leadership in the geosciences, preparing students for professional careers in the geosciences at the undergraduate and graduate levels.  Its faculty and alumni are leaders in academia, public service and in industry worldwide.

 

Mission and Goals

The Department's mission is to provide academic leadership in the earth sciences; its goals are to:

  • Provide an effective undergraduate and graduate training programmes that prepare students for successful careers in science, education, technology and public service;
  • Deliver innovative, excellent instructions at the undergraduate and graduate levels;
  • Conduct high quality scientific research and effectively communicate results, through publication, to both academic and public audiences;
  • Extend technical assistance to state, public and private organizations.

The Department of Earth Science has programmes at the undergraduate and graduate levels in Geology, Geophysics, Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology, and Petroleum Geosciences. There are currently 383 students enrolled on various programmes in the department. This comprises 88 graduate students and 295 undergraduate students. The graduate students comprise 9 PhD students and 79 MSc/MPhil students. Four of the PhD students are supported on full scholarship by an active research project which is funded by the Danish International Development Agency, DANIDA.

The teaching faculty comprises a total of 21 full time staff comprising 2 Professors, 6 Associate Professors, 5 Senior Lecturers, 4 Lecturers, and 4 Assistant Lecturers.

 

Facilities and Equipment

Over the past 8 years, the department has benefitted from several Government of Ghana assistance. This has led to the expansion of the department’s infrastructure and has thus enhanced capacity for effective teaching and research. Through the joint support of the GETfund and Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, the department is putting up a two storey extension comprising over 14 offices for lecturers, teaching laboratories, lecture theatres, and storage facilities. The department has also taken delivery of and ICP-MS and ancillary facilities, provided by the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources of the Government of Ghana. The department has also taken delivery of several geophysical equipment and microscopes for research in the major specializations of the department. The department, with assistance from the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, is currently procuring a modern Scanning Electron Microscope and its ancillary facilities for research and student training. With support from DANIDA, the department is taking delivery of a modern Liquid Water Isotope Analyzer. There is a well field donated by past students of the department, for training in hydrogeology at the graduate and undergraduate levels. This is in addition to two field stations in Anloga in the Volta Region and Nsawam in the Eastern Region where the department has hydrometric stations. The department has a groundwater monitoring system in the Nasia sub-catchment of the White Volta Basin in Northern Ghana.

The following are the facilities available for graduate and undergraduate training in the department.



Facility/Equipment


Description


Offices for Lecturers


16 Offices for Lecturers in the old building and over 28 offices in a new building being completed (this will be ready before the beginning of the 2019/2020 academic year)


Teaching Space


Two 40-seater classrooms sufficiently equipped for graduating level teaching and laboratory sessions; 12 large (up to 100 seats) lecture rooms and labs in the new building being completed.


Teaching support facilities


  • Four (4) LCDs installed to facilitate teaching;
  • Four (4) high capacity laptops equipped with modelling software and other demonstration material to support teaching;
  • One (1) digital plotter;
  • One (1) large photocopier;
  • Three (3) printers;
  • One (1) scanner

Microscopes


16 Modern petrographic microscopes for advanced level teaching and research


Analytical Equipment


  • Scanning Electron Microscope;
  • Inductively-Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrograph;
  • X-Ray Refractometer
  • Liquid Water Stable Isotope Analyser

Geological Laboratory Preparation Laboratory


  • Modern Rock Crusher and Rock cutting machine
  • Fully equipped and functional rock thin-section preparatory equipment;
  • Sieves of various dimensions and a shaker
  • Chemical Balances;
  • Centrifuge
  • Hot plate

Remote Sensing & Aerial Photography Laboratory


  • 22 Stereoscopes;
  • 15 high capacity computers with appropriate software

Practical Teaching support Kits


  • Fully logged diamond drill cores for practical lessons
  • Geological Museum with exhibits of diverse geological materials – the largest geological museum in Ghana

Field Vehicles


  • 60-Seater TATA bus for fieldwork
  • 33-Seater Civilian Bus for fieldwork
  • 2 Landcruiser 4WDs
  • 1 Nissan Patrol

Field Stations


  • Groundwater monitoring system in the Nasia Basin;
  • Hydrometric station in the Keta Basin

Practical Teaching support Kits


  • EC, pH, Temperature, Salinity kits
  • 2 boreholes for practical sessions in the Department
  • Digital Water Level Meters (3)
  • 1.5HP, 2.0HP pumps and generators for pumping tests
  • Fully logged diamond drill cores for practical lessons

Geophysical Equipment


  • ABEM SAS 4000 Terrameter
  • EM-34
  • Geophysical borehole logging equipment with probes for resistivity, spontaneous potential, and gamma

Computer Laboratory & IT support Infrastructure


  • 20-Seater computer laboratory with state-of-the-art modelling software
  • Broadband internet access in lecture rooms, library, and all offices

(Numerical) Modelling Software


  • Groundwater Modelling System (Version 10) – available to all enrolled students on the Hydrogeology Program;
  • Watershed Modelling System, WMS (Version 10) – available to all students enrolled on the Hydrogeology Program
  • Geostatistics +
  • Surfer 11

MAJOR AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION AND RESEARCH

There are active projects which create opportunities for practical training of students throughout the year in the department. The projects are as diverse as the diversities of the specializations of the faculty, and funded from local and international sources. There are five strong working/research groups in the department. Within each research group, the faculty have been engaged in various research activities throughout the year, with active involvement of students. The various research groups in the department are listed below.

 

  1. ECONOMIC GEOLOGY & MINERAL ECONOMICS

Faculty

1.       Prof. Thomas M. Akabzaa

2.       Prof. J. Manu

3.       Prof. P.M. Nude

4.       Prof. F.K. Nyame

5.       Dr. P.O. Amponsah

 

  1. PALEONTOLOGY & SEDIMENTOLOGY

               Faculty

1.       Prof. David Atta-Peters

2.       Prof. Daniel K. Asiedu

3.       Dr. Chris Anani

4.       Ms Jennifer Agbetsoamedo

 

  1. GEOCHEMISTRY & PETROLOGY

Faculty

1.       Prof. Daniel K. Asiedu

2.       Prof. Bruce Banoeng-Yakubo

3.       Prof. Prosper M. Nude

4.       Prof. Frank K. Nyame

5.       Prof. Patrick A. Sakyi

6.       Dr. Jacob Kutu

7.       Dr. Chris Anani

8.       Dr. Marian S. Sapah

9.       Dr. Ben Fiebor

10.   Dr. Joseph O. Thomson

11.   Mr. Daniel Kwayisi

12.   Mrs. Naa Afi Agra

 

  1. HYDROGEOLOGY & WATER RESOURCES

Faculty

1.       Prof. Bruce Banoeng-Yakubo

2.       Prof. Sandow M. Yidana

3.       Dr. Larry Pax Chegbeleh

4.       Dr (Mrs). Yvonne Loh

5.       Prof. Patrick A. Sakyi

 

  1. GEOPHYSICS & ENGINEERING GEOLOGY

Faculty

1.       Dr. Thomas Armah

2.       Dr. Francis Achampong

3.       Dr. Larry Pax Chegbeleh

4.       Dr. Isaac Oppong

5.       Dr. Paulina Amponsah

6.       Dr. Joseph O. Thomson

7.       Ms Abigail Ayikwei