GSPH 433 Public Health Legislation, Regulation and Enforcement


Definitions: Legislation, Acts, Regulations, Bye-laws, enforcement, sanctions. Role of Legislation: Establish governmental institutions and agencies (eg. Local Government Administration, Food and Drugs Board, etc); Regulations, Standards and tariff systems. Pressures that initiate legislation: Problems with public cooperation, revenue mobilization, demand for projects and services, etc.

Relevant legislation for Environmental Health (i) National (e g. Environmental Health Policy of Ghana, Environmental Protection Agency), (ii) Local (e g. District Assembly bye-laws on sanitation), Procedures for Enactment of Legislation. Monitoring and Enforcement: Establishment of department/office/unit for monitoring and enforcement; provision of appropriate courts (e g.Sanitary courts); mechanisms for inter-agency coordination and collaboration.