MASC 437: Ocean and climate science


Introduction to climatology: Hadley circulation, Jet streams. Clouds and Precipitation. Atmosphere and ocean interaction. Ocean Water Density and Atmospheric Forcing.  Seasonal cycles of global climate. Greenhouse effect and ozone depletion. Global warming. Sea-level rises and effects on coastal communities. Seasons and Climate classification. Factors controlling interannual variability: Local and remote SSTs, Soil moisture. Modes of Climate Variability: Ocean-atmosphere interaction. Mechanisms, Interannual variability; ENSO and its global links; NAO; over Africa: Teleconnections; Intraseasonal variability: MJO, Intra-seasonal effects on WAM; Observations (past and future); Climatology aiding forecasting – ‘seamless’ weather and climate prediction.