COURSES DESCRIPTIONS (SCIENCES AT LEVEL 100)
BIOL 101 Interactions in Nature
Some fundamental concepts in Ecology: population, community, ecosystem, niche. Dominance, biosphere, environment and succession. Biotic ecological factors; energy flow; biological associations: mutualism, commensalism, parasitism, predation. Pollination mechanisms; social insects. Environmental issues
BIOL 102 Genetics and Evolution
Mendelism: monohybrid and dihybrid crosses. Genes and chromosomes. Nucleic acids and protein synthesis. Variaation. Evidence and theories of evolution.
BIOL 103 Mammalian Physiology
Nutrition; transport; respiration; excretion; reproduction; sensory physiology and co-ordination. Adaptations to the environment.
BIOL 104 Growth of Flowering Plants
Seed dormancy; Seed germination; Growth and Development; Tropisms, phototropism, Mineral nutrition; Photosynthesis and adaptations of plants to the environment.
GEOL 104 Introduction To Earth Science
Definitions (Earth Science and branches of Earth Science). The Solar system: Bodies that make up the Solar System. The Earth: Earth as a planet, Earth’s shape and size, Earth’s atmosphere and hydrosphere, Earth’s Interior, Earth’s forces (Gravity and magnetism). Minerals: Definition and Basic Properties. Rocks: Definition and Formation of Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic rocks. Weathering and Erosion. The rock cycle. Geologic time: Relative time, The Standard Geologic Column, Absolute Time and Radiometric Dating.
CHEM 101 General Chemistry
Atomic Structure, Bonding and Intermolecular Forces, Structure of Organic Molecules: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Stereochemistry.
CHEM 102 General Chemistry II
Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions, Redox Systems, Properties of Solutions, Systematic Inorganic Chemistry, Introduction to Stereochemistry, Aldehydes and Ketones.
CHEM 103 General Chemistry Practical I
Preparation of standard solutions; Dilutions; Simple volumetric exercises; Qualitative inorganic analysis (Anions), Purification of organic compounds.
CHEM 104 General Chemistry Practical II
Applications of volumetric analysis; pH determinations; Determination of solubility products; Qualitative inorganic analysis (Cations); Simple organic preparations.
PHYS 101 Practical Physics I
PHYS 102 Practical Physics II
Basic laboratory experiments to expose students to handling various measuring instruments, how to handle data error analysis
PHYS 111 General Physics I (For students in the Biological Sciences only.)
1.)Mechanics: Vectors and laws of Physics. Motion in one and two dimensions, Projectiles; Relative velocity. Newton’s laws of motion; Momentum; Force, types of forces, conservative force. Work, energy Conservation laws. Moment of inertia; Rotational Motion. Newton’s law of gravitation; Gravitational potential.
2.)Thermal Physics: Macroscopic & Microscopic definitions. Thermal equilibrium. Zeroth law of thermodynamics & temperature. Heat and work. First law of thermodynamics and applica-tions. Gas laws, specific heat capacities of ideal gas. Kinetic theory of gases
3.)Vibrations And Waves: Simple Harmonic Motion. Damped & forced harmonic motion (Qualitative). Examples of Mechanical & Electrical Oscillations. Waves: Types of waves. Wave Phenomena: Interference, Young’s double slit experiment, Blooming of lenses. Diffraction, Diffraction grating Doppler effect.
PHYS 112 General Physics II (For students in the Biological Sciences only.)
1.)Electricity: Electric charge and Coulomb’s Law; Electric field intensity. Electric flux and Gauss’s law; Electric potential energy, electric potential. Electric current, current density; Electromotive force, Ohms law and power. Kirchhoff’s laws. Heating effect of current. Measuring instruments.
2.)Magnetism: Magnetic field: Force on moving charge; Magnetic effect of current, Biot-Savart’s and Ampere’s laws; Force on current-carrying conductor in magnetic field, Parallel conductors carrying current; Electromagnetic induction, magnetic flux Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws; Eddy currents. AC series circuits: reactance, impedance, resonance, power and power factor. Electricity in the home and home appliances.
3.)Modern Physics: The origins of Quantum Physics, wave-particle duality. Photons, electrons, nucleus, atoms and molecules. Photoelectric effect, de Broglie wavelength. The Bohr atom and atomic spectra, Radioactivity, Fission and fusion. Applications of Nuclear Physics.
PHYS 113 Mechanics and Thermal Physics
Properties of Vectors: Geometrical representation, Multiplication – dot product and cross product, The three – dimensional Cartesian co-ordinate system, Components of a vector, Direction Cosines, Linear Independence, Magnitude of a vector, Geometrical methods of vector addition, The sine rule and the cosine rule, Vectors in two dimensions
Linear Momentum: Conservation Law, Direct and indirect collisions, The co-efficient of restitution
Motion: Newton's laws, equations of motion, Motion in one dimension, Parametric equations of motion, Motion in two dimensions, Projectile motion, Relative velocity
Force: Addition of Forces, Equilibrium, Impulse, Tension and the motion of connected masses, Friction
Circular motion: Uniform circular motion, Motion in a vertical circle, the conical pendulum
Work and Energy: Work done by a constant force, Work done by a varying force, Work and kinetic energy, Work and potential energy, Conservation of energy, Conservative and non-conservative forces – definition and examples
Rotational motion: Centre of mass, Moment of inertia, Angular momentum, Rotational kinetic energy, Torque
Gravitation: Kepler's laws, The law of Universal gravitation, Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
Microscopic and Macroscopic Definitions: Thermodynamic systems, Simple systems, Closed systems, Open systems, Isolated systems, Thermodynamic properties, States
Processes, Paths, Intensive and extensive quantities
Thermal Equilibrium: Temperature, Adiabatic walls, Diathermal walls, Thermometers and thermometric properties, Comparisons of thermometers, Thermometric scales and conversions, Zeroth law of thermodynamics
Work and Heat: Thermodynamic equilibrium – conditions, Chemical equilibrium, mechanical equilibrium, thermal equilibrium, Effects of conditions not satisfied, Change of state, Quasi-static processes, Work done, Work depends on path, Isothermal processes, Isobaric processes, Isochoric (isovolumetric) processes, Adiabatic processes
Heat: Concept of heat, Internal energy, Heat capacity, Specific heat, Heat flow (Conduction, Radiation, and Convection)
First law of thermodynamics: Cyclic processes, Non-cyclic processes, Nature of stored energy, First law and its implications under (i) Isothermal processes (ii) Isobaric processes (iii) Isochoric processes
Application: Introduction to entropy
Gas Laws: Properties of an ideal gas, Charles Law, Boyle's Law, Gay Lussac Law, Kelvin temperature scale (absolute temperature)
Kinetic theory of Gases: Assumptions, Force exerted on the walls of the container, Pressure, Equation of state, Molecular velocities: (i) Mean velocity (ii) mean square velocity (iii) root mean square velocity, Equipartition of Energy
PHYS 114 Electricity, Magnetism and Quantum Phenomena
Electric Charge and Electric Field: Electric charge, Conductors, insulators and induced charges, Coulomb's law, Electric field and Electric forces, Charge distributions, Electric dipoles
Gauss’ Law: Charge and electric flux, Gauss’ Law, Application of Gauss’ Law
Electrical Potential: Electric potential energy and work, electric potential
Capacitance and Dielectrics: Capacitors (parallel plate capacitors, spherical, and cylindrical shaped capacitors) and dielectrics, Capacitors in series and parallel, Charging and discharging a capacitor, time constant, Energy storage in capacitors
Electric Current, Resistance and Direct-current circuits: Electric current, Resistivity and Resistance, Electromotive force and electric circuits, Energy and power in Electric circuits, Resistors in series and Parallel, Kirchoff’s Rules, Electrical measuring instruments
Magnetic Field and Magnetic Forces: Magnetic field, Magnetic field lines and Magnetic flux, Motion of charged particles in a magnetic field, Electric and magnetic fields acting together – application to velocity selectors, Magnetic force on a current-carrying conductor, Force and Torque on a current loop (a magnetic dipole moment)
Sources of Magnetic fields: Magnetic field of a moving charge, Magnetic field of a current element, Magnetic field of a straight current-carrying conductor, Force between parallel conductors, Magnetic field of a circular current loop, Ampere's law and its applications, Magnetic materials
Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday and Lenz's laws, Motional electromotive force, Induced electric fields, Eddy currents, Displacement current and Maxwell’s equations
Inductance: Mutual inductance, Self-induced inductance, Inductors and magnetic-field energy, R-L and L-C circuits, L-R-C series circuits
Alternating current: Phasors and alternating current, Resistance and reactance, L-R-C series circuit, Band-Pass filters, Power in alternating-current circuits, Resonance in alternating-current circuits, Transformer
Introduction to Quantum Physics: Blackbody radiation and Planck’s hypothesis, Photo-electric effect, Compton Effect, Atomic spectra, Bohr’s model of the hydrogen atom, Photon’s and electromagnetic waves, Wave properties of particles
Quantum Mechanics: Double-slit experiment, Uncertainty principle, Probability density, Schrodinger equation, Particle in a square well potential (a particle in a box)
FASC 101 General Mathematics
LANG 111/112 Academic Writing
The main objective of the Academic Writing course is to equip students with the communication skills that would enable them to succeed in the academic discourse community. Thus students are taken through strategies for paragraph development, study reading, gathering and using information from library and other sources and integrating information into essays (i.e. summarizing as part of exposition and writing citations) all within the larger context of enhancing the quality of language use of students.
MATH 111 Algebra and Trigonometry
Indices, Logarithms and Surds. Review of concept of a function, graph of a function. Polynomial functions and equations. Rational functions, with at most quadratic function as numerator/ denominator. Inequalities in one and two variables. Arrangements and Selections; sequences and series; the binomial theorem. Principle of Mathematical Induction; circular measure, the sine, cosine and tangent functions and their reciprocals, trigonometric equations, inverse circular functions; exponential function; Algebra of complex numbers, the Argrand diagram, Matrices and determinants.
MATH 112 Calculus
Elementary treatment of limit of a function, continuity, differentiation, rules of differentiation. Applications of differentiation. Derivatives of rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, circular functions and their inverses. Approximate methods of solving equations: graphical methods and Newton-Raphson method.
Integration. Applications of integration; area under a curve, volumes of solids of revolution. Numerical Integration: trapezium and Simpson’s rules
Formation of ordinary ordinary equations, solutions of simple first order differential equations.
MATH 113 Vectors and Geometry
Vectors: notion of a vector, algebra of vectors, components of vectors; the scalar product, applications to geometry; the vector product. Cartesian representation of a point in a plane. Direction and normal vectors of a line; Equation of a line, equation of a circle, intersection of a line and a circle; loci parametric representation of a curve. The conic sections in rectangular Cartesian form. The general equation of the second degree, general conic; line pairs; translation and rotation of axes, principal axes. Vector equations of lines and planes.
MATH 114 Algebra
Algebra of complex numbers, Argand diagram, modulus - argument form of a complex number. De Moivre’s rule. Roots of unity; complex conjugate roots of a polynomial equation with real coefficients. Geometrical applications, loci in the complex plane. Elementary transformation from z-plane to the w-plane. Algebra of matrices and determinants (up to 3 x 3 matrices); applications to linear equations. Linear transformations and matrix representation of a linear transformation.
FASC101 General Mathematics 1
Indices and Logarithms. Functions and their graphs, Polynomial, inverse and circular functions, equations and inequalities in one variable. Arrangement and selections, Binomial expansion. Limits. The derivative of a function and applications. Integration as the inverse of differentiation. Integral of simple functions. The definite integral as an area. Applications to kinematics. Elementary concepts in numerical methods, the Newton-raphson method.
MATHS 116 General Mathematics II
Complex numbers, polar coordinates: Conic section. Vectors and Matrices. Further differentiation and integration, parametric differentiation, exponential and logarithmic functions and their derivatives, integration of rational functions. Ordinary differential equations, 1st order and 2nd order (with constant coefficients). Introduction to partial differentiation.
PSYC 111 Element of Psychology
This course is designed to introduce students to the history, basic theories, research methods and principles of Psychology. It is aimed at laying the foundation for higher level courses in Psychology. At the end of the course, it is expected that students will have basic knowledge of some psychological theories and principles underlying behaviour and also be in the position to relate what they have learnt to issues of everyday life
PSYC 112 Psychology of Adjustment
This course is an introductory course in psychology which deals with everyday adjustment issues. Focus will be on the application of knowledge in psychology to life situations and the development of skills to handle such situations. Topics to be covered include understanding adjustment, intimate relationships, interpersonal communication, career development, stress and stress management, decision making, handling conflicts, and problems of adjustment among others. At the end of the course, students should be able to develop a greater understanding of themselves and skills they can use to facilitate adjustment in life.
PSYC 113 Psychology for Everyday Living I
This course deals with the applications of psychological principles, theories and research findings to everyday life. Its main objective is to demonstrate the relevance and practicality of psychology and thus bridge the gap between theory and practice. Topics to be covered include factors affecting learning and memory, stress and illness, lifestyles and health and careers and work. At the end of the course, students should be able to relate/apply topics covered to everyday life.
PSYC 114 Psychology for Everyday Living II
This course deals primarily with issues of everyday life. It employs psychological principles, theories and research findings in an attempt to explain and understand matters of everyday life. Its main objective is to demonstrate the relevance and applicability of psychology in the daily life of the individual and thus draw links between what students learn in the lecture halls and what they experience in real life. Specific topics to be covered include motivation and goal setting, community and diversity, assertiveness and leadership, problem solving and creativity.
COMP 101 Introduction To Computer Science I
Objective: The course is intended to introduce students to the importance of Computer Literacy and to show students how the computer affects daily life and how it will impact their future. Thus, students will be taught sufficient computer knowledge to prepare them for working and living in a computerized society. Introduction to Computer Science: Historical development of computer, introduction to computers and how they work. Advantages and disadvantages oaf the Electronic computer system. Digital computer and analog computer, hybrid computer, how they operate and their applications. Generations of computers (Mainframe, mini, micro) and their features. Data versus Information. Careers and jobs in the computer industry. Hardware and software of the computer system. Computer Hardware: Basic configuration/functional units of the computer system. Brief overview of the central processing unit (cpu), its main elements and their functions. Memory devices, memory organisation and memory measurements (gigabyte, megabyte, kilobyte etc.). Examples of input/output devices, different types of microcomputers: Desktop, Laptop, Notebook, Palmtop etc. Computer software: Differences between system and application software, computer program and programming languages – structured, object oriented techniques. Machine language, Assembly language, High Level Language. Application of Computer: - The use of computers for data processing, scientific experimentation and implementation. Electronic Legal Database, Computer in Medicine, Engineering. Solution of mathematical problems, statistical analysis, management and accounting information systems. Decision support system and expert system, artificial intelligence. Data Representation: Bits, bytes and word. Character representation. ASCII and EBCDIC notation. Number Systems – Binary, Octal, Decimal, Hexade-cimal. Integer and floating representation, integer and floating arithmetic. Fundamentals of digital logic and Boolean algebra. Problem solving by the digital computer: Use of Algorithm and Flowcharts. Understand the need for sequence of logical steps in programming. Data types con-cepts of computer program using BASIC Language. Social Context of Computing: Computing – Blessing or curse to the society. Computer Ethics and Professionalism. Computer Security and privacy, Computer hazards and prevention, applying intellectual property laws to software piracy.
COMP 102 Introduction To Computer Science II
Applications Laboratory: The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the use of microcomputer operating systems software, the use of high level languages and some of the standard micro-computer applications software. Programming in Basic: Programming concepts. Basic statements. Running a basic program, control statements: program loops. Other useful futures. Programming exercises.
STAT 101 Introduction to Statistics
Introduction to Statistics. The reduction and interpretation of data.
STAT 102 Elementary Probability
Introduction to basic concepts of Probability, Random event and Random variables. Probability Calculus and some univariate probability distributions.
EASC 100 Field Exercises and Excursions
Several one-day long trips to the field to reinforce geological and environmental concepts learned in class and laboratory. This may include visits to mine sites to observe the mining of the ore and environmental issues associated with the mining.
EASC 101 Historical Geology
Historical Geology deals with the events that took place all over the world, throughout time. The syllabus covers the following topics: the structure of the Earth, the origin of the Universe, the origin of the Earth, and origin of the elements; the tempo of Earth history: catastrophic and/or uniformitarian; age of the Earth; time, including the vastness of geologic time, relative dating, radioactivity and isotopic dating; Geological Time Scale; fossils and fossilization; recognition, correlation, and interpretation of strata; origin and evolution of life; changes in sea level and climate; the evolution of continents; the geological record: events in Precambrian, Palaeozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras.
EASC 102 Geological Map Work
This course is mainly concerned with the interpretation of geological maps and the relationship between the landscape and underlying rocks. It covers the recognition and interpretation of geological structures from maps.
EASC 103 Physical Geology
The course cover the following topics: minerals; volcanism and extrusive rocks; intrusive activities and origin of igneous rocks; weathering and soil; sediments, sedimentary rocks and structures; metamorphism, metamorphic rocks and hydrothermal rocks; the rock cycle; mass wasting; streams and landscape; groundwater; glaciers and glaciations; deserts and wind action; shorelines and coastal processes; crustal deformation and folds; faults; earthquakes; the Earth's interior; the ocean floor; plate tectonics; mountain building and the evolution of continents.
EASC 105 Introducing Earth Science
This course introduces Earth Science as a holistic and practical science. It covers the following topics: scientific information gathering in the Earth Sciences, classification of the Earth Sciences, the traditional Earth Science disciplines, the practicality and importance of Earth studies, and career opportunities in the Earth Sciences.
EASC 106 Earth’s Materials and Resources
The course is made up of two parts. The first part concerns Earth's materials, including the atom, elements, compounds and minerals, crystallinity, the importance of silicate minerals, physical properties of minerals, and formation, identification and description of minerals and rocks. Earth Materials is a laboratory based, however, instead of dedicating a specific day of the week to laboratory work, the lecture and laboratory elements will be integrated. Everyday life and the fabric of modern civilization depend on using the Earth’s physical resources: water to drink; fuel to burn; rocks and minerals to build roads and houses; metals for machinery, electronics, and communications. The second part of the course is about the occurrence, availability, exploitation and sustainability of these essential resources. It also consider their origins, how to find and extract them, and the environmental consequences of exploitation.