Establishment of The University
Enrollment and Graduation Statistics
Associations and Links
Colleges, Faculties, Institutes, Schools and Research Facilities
Centres of Research/Learning
Other Research Units and Facilities
Establishment of The University
THE UNIVERSITY OF GHANA was founded in 1948 as the University College of the Gold Coast on the recommendation of the Asquith Commission, on Higher Education in the then British colonies. The Asquith Commission, which was set up in 1943 to investigate Higher Education, recommended among other things, the setting up of University Colleges in association with the University of London. This was followed up by a number of separate Commissions in different regions. The West Africa Commission was under the Chairmanship of the Rt. Hon. Walter Elliot. The Elliot Commission published a majority report which recommended the establishment of two University Colleges in the Gold Coast (Ghana) and Nigeria, and a minority report which held that only one University College for the whole of British West Africa was feasible. The British Government at first accepted the minority report of the Elliot Commission and decided that a University College for the whole of British West Africa should be established at Ibadan in Nigeria. But the people of the Gold Coast could not accept this recommendation. Led by the scholar and politician, the late Dr. J.B. Danquah, they urged the Gold Coast Government to inform the British Government that the Gold Coast could support a University College. The British Government accordingly reviewed its decision and agreed to the establishment of the University College of the Gold Coast.
The University College of the Gold Coast was founded by Ordinance on August 11, 1948 for the purpose of providing for and promoting university education, learning and research. Its first Principal was the late Mr. David Mowbray Balme. Mr. Balme was far-sighted, courageous and dedicated to the promotion of scholarship. By his vision, industry and single-mindedness of purpose, he built a college and laid the foundations for a sound University which is now a source of pride. In his ten years of Principalship, he created an institution whose key-note was orderly living with dignity in a community of scholars. One of the recommendations of the Asquith Commission was that the British Government should set up an Inter-Universities Council to advise on all matters relating to Higher Education in the new British Colonies. The Inter-Universities Council served the new University College of the Gold Coast in an advisory capacity, but it approved all academic appointments. This arrangement helped the College to maintain the high academic standards associated with the Universities in Britain. Also, it enabled the College to seek support of the Council in obtaining funds from the United Kingdom Government sources.
From its inception, the University College of the Gold Coast was admitted to the Scheme of Special Relationship extended by the University of London to certain English and overseas University Colleges. Under this scheme, the University College was allowed to teach for the external degree examinations of London University. It also allowed the College to modify the London syllabuses to suit local conditions and to take part in the setting and marking of examinations. But London University gave final approval to courses and examinations since the degrees given were those of the University of London. For thirteen years, therefore, the University College looked up to two separate institutions in Great Britain: to the Inter-Universities Council for guidance on its broad policy, and to the University of London for approval and control of details of degree regulations. The University College benefitted greatly from this arrangement which certainly helped to maintain its high academic standards.
In the 1960-61 academic year, the College Council made a request to the Government of Ghana for legislation to constitute the University College into a University with the power to award its own degrees. The Government appointed an International Commission to examine the problem. On the recommendations of that Commission, the University of Ghana was set up by an Act of Parliament on October 1, 1961 (Act 79). The then President of the Republic of Ghana, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, became the first Chancellor of the University, with Nana Kobina Nketsia IV, BLitt DPhil (Oxon), Omanhene of Essikado, as the (Interim) Vice Chancellor.
Enrolment and Graduation Statistics
With a current student population of about 29754 (representing male/female ratio of about 2:1) the University of Ghana is the oldest and largest of the six public Universities in Ghana. Breakdown in terms of programmes are as follows: Post-Graduate students – 1,816; Bachelors’ Degrees – 26,154; Sub-Degrees – 1,784. International students currently enrolled in the University are also 1142. Senior Members engaged in research and teaching number 865. Senior Administrative and Professional staff also number 128.
Associations and Links
The University of Ghana is a member of the International Association of Universities (IAU), the Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU) and the Association of African Universities (AAU). The University is also a member the League of World Universities (which comprise 47 renowned research universities all over the world). The University has also established academic and research links with several Universities and Research Institutions worldwide. In addition, the University has also been linked to the Norwegian Universities’ Committee for Development Research and Education (NUFU), the Council for International Educational Exchange (CIEE) based in New York, International Student Exchange Programmes (ISEP) and the Commonwealth Universities Student Exchange Consortium (CUSAC), among others.
There are currently a number of institutes/colleges locally which hold affiliation with the University of Ghana for the purpose of enrolment, teaching and award of degrees and diplomas of the University. These affiliations cover non-degree, Bachelor’s degree and post-graduate degree programmes. Institutes/Colleges which presently hold affiliation status with the University are as follows:
||St. Peters Seminary (Cape Coast)
||Diploma/Bachelor of Arts
||St. Paul Seminary (Sowutoum)
||Bachelor of Arts
||St. Victor’s Seminary (Tamale)
||Diploma/Bachelor of Arts
||Trinity Theological Seminary (Legon)
||Diploma/Bachelor of Arts
||Christian Service Seminary (Kumasi)
||National Film and Television Institute (NAFTI)
||Bachelor of Arts (Film & Television)
||Ghana Institute of Journalism (GIJ)
||Bachelor of Arts (Journalism & Public Relations)
||Regional Maritime Academy
||Master of Arts (Shipping & Port Management)
||Ghana Armed Forces Command and Staff College
||Masters Degree (International Relations)
||Ghana Institute of Languages
||Bachelor of Arts (Translation)
||Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration
||Masters Degree in Development Management (MDM)
||Islamic University College
||Bachelor of Arts
||Pentecost University College
||Catholic University College
||Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science (Info./ Commercial/Tech.)
||Methodist University College
||Bachelor of Arts/Business Administration
||Wisconsin University College, Ghana
||Bachelor of Arts/MA in Adult Education
The campus of the University lies about 13 kilometres north-east of Accra, the capital of Ghana, at an altitude of between 300 and 400 feet. From the Main University Gate on the Dodowa Road, the University Avenue extends to Commonwealth Hall on Legon Hill.
Along it are grouped other Halls of Residence, Departments, lecture theatres and laboratories. Mid-way, an open space - the University Square - with an ornamental pool is over-looked by the Balme Library (named after David Mowbray Balme, the first Principal of the University College). Across from the University Square are sports fields, a central cafeteria and halls of residence. Behind Commonwealth Hall is an open-air theatre with a Grecian style auditorium built into the slope of Legon Hill. On the summit of Legon Hill is the Convocation Group of Buildings which houses the University’s administration offices, the Great Hall, with a seating capacity of 1,500 and a Tower donated by the Government of Ghana in 1957 to commemorate Ghana’s Independence. On the southern side of the campus are residential accommodation for staff, the University Primary School, the Manciple’s Organisation and the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, while on the Northern side are teaching departments, lecture theatres and laboratories. Across the Accra-Dodowa road from the Main University Gate is a Police Station, and behind it is a University Hospital with 100 beds, 20 cots and houses for members of the Junior Staff.
The College of Health Sciences has its administration as well as the Medical/Dental/Allied Health Sciences Schools located at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, which is about three kilometres west of the centre of Accra, and about 18 kilometres from the main University campus.
Colleges, Faculties, Institutes, Schools and Research Facilities
Academic life of the University of Ghana is centered around Colleges, Faculties, Institutes/ Schools and Centres of Research/Learning.
COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCES
There is a College of Health Sciences, which is presently constituted by five Schools, four of which are of the status of Faculty, a non-departmentalized school and one research institute. These are:
MEDICAL SCHOOL: Anaesthetics, Anatomy, Medical Biochemistry, Centre for Tropical Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Chemical Pathology, Child Health, Community Health, Haematology, Medicine and Therapeutics, Microbiology, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychiatry, Radiology, Surgery.
DENTAL SCHOOL: Oral Biology (Dental Anatomy and Oral Physiology); Bio-material Science; Restorative Dentistry; Paedodontics; Preventive and Community Dentistry; Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology; Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine; Orthodontics.
SCHOOL OF ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES: Medical Laboratory Sciences, Radiography and Physiotheraphy.
SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH: (non-departmentalized) currently offering degrees at Post-graduate levels only. In addition, the School runs a short course (6 weeks) in Social Mobilization in Health and Development.
NOGUCHI MEMORIAL INSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL RESEARCH: An institute for research into Medical and paramedical issues.
SCHOOL OF NURSING: Community Health, Maternal & Child Health, Mental Health, Adult Health, Research, Education and Administration.
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND CONSUMER SCIENCES
SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE: Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Agricultural Extension, Animal Science, Crop Science, Home Science and Soil Science.
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRES: There are three Agricultural Research Centres at Legon (about 12 kilometres outside the main campus), Kpong on the Accra plains (about 90 kilometres north-east of Legon), and Kade in the Forest Zone, in the Eastern Region (approximately 175 kilometres from Legon), under the supervision of the Faculty of Agriculture. Apart from research, the centres provide technical and practical experience for students of agriculture and extension and training facilities for farmers and other interested persons.
Legon Agricultural Research Centre: The Centre at Legon (established in 1953) covers an area of about 740 hectares. Its main research activities are in animal breeding, animal nutrition, veterinary medicine, pasture improvement and the development of dairy cattle by crossbreeding.
Kpong Agricultural Research Centre: The Kpong Centre (established in 1954) covers an area of about 420 hectares. It conducts research mainly into rice, sugar cane, cowpea, soya bean, sorghum and beef cattle. The Station also conducts research on mechanized irrigation agriculture on black soils (vertisols) of the Accra Plains.
Kade Agricultural Research Centre: The Centre at Kade (established in 1957) covers an area of 99.3 hectares. It is mainly concerned with research into production of forest zone crops such as citrus, plantain, cocoyam, oil palm and rubber, with a special interest in agronomy of perennial crop plants.
ARTS: Classics, English, Language Centre, Linguistics, Modern Languages (Arabic, French, Russian, Spanish, Swahili), Mathematics, Philosophy, Study of Religions and The School of Performing Arts (with Departments of Dance Studies, Music and Theatre Arts).
LAW: Law (non-departmentalized).
SCIENCE: Biochemistry, Botany, Chemistry, Computer Science, Fisheries and Oceanography, Geology, Mathematics, Nursing, Nutrition and Food Science, Psychology, Physics, Statistics and Zoology.
SOCIAL STUDIES: Archaeology, Economics, Geography and Resource Development, History, Information Studies, Mathematics, Nursing, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology and Social Work.
BUSINESS SCHOOL: Accounting, Public Administration & Health Service Management, Marketing & Consumer Management, Banking & Finance, Organization & Human Resource Management and Management Information Systems.
ENGINEERING SCIENCES: Agricultural, Biomedical, Food Process, Materials Science and Engineering (Ceramics Option) and Computer Engineering.
INSTITUTE OF AFRICAN STUDIES: Established in 1961, it conducts fundamental research in areas of African Languages, history and culture, and runs interdisciplinary courses leading to MPhil and PhD degrees in African Studies. The Institute also organizes introductory courses in African Studies for all Level 200 students in the undergraduate degree programme of the University. These courses, which cover two semesters, are compulsory. A pass in African Studies is required for the award of a bachelor’s degree of the University. Orientation courses are available for special admission students from other institutions and agencies. Interdisciplinary seminars and symposia are organized regularly. There is a Visual Arts Section with cultural exhibits for teaching and research. The Institute’s library supplements the Africana collection of the Balme Library. Attached to the Institute is the Ghana Dance Ensemble – a resident professional dance company which was started in 1962 by the then Ghana Institute of Arts and Culture to link the University of Ghana with the national theatre movement.
INSTITUTE OF ADULT EDUCATION: Established originally as the Department of Extra-Mural Studies in 1948, the Institute provides university-based adult education through its branches and workers’ colleges throughout the country. It provides both formal and non-formal programmes. The formal programmes consist of Diploma, Graduate Diploma and Masters and Doctoral degree courses in Adult Education; external degree courses in the Humanities, and Management and Accounting, remedial courses for Senior Secondary School Certificate Examinations (SSCE). The non-formal programmes comprise community education programmes in health, family life education, nutrition, civic education, community initiative and adult literacy. The Institute is directly involved with the organisation of a People’s Education Association to support its work. Public lectures, seminars and workshops form a vital part of the Institute’s activities. The most popular and national of these is the Annual New Year School which has been held regularly since 1948.
INSTITUTE OF STATISTICAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH: It was established in 1966 as the Institute of Statistics. In addition to its original concern with problems related to statistics, the Institute has expanded into the field of social and economic studies. The Institute offers Certificate and Diploma courses in Statistics as well as a Master of Arts degree in Development Studies.
NOGUCHI MEMORIAL INSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL RESEARCH: The Institute was established in 1979 in a building funded by the Government of Japan to serve as a monument in memory of Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, a Japanese medical scientist who died in Accra in May, 1928 while investigating yellow fever. The Institute provides a base for medical co-operation programmes between Ghanaian and Japanese scientists, and a centre for conducting medical research relevant to Ghana’s needs. Research is conducted into problems of communicable diseases while graduate students are trained in medical research. Facilities at the Institute include specialized laboratories and services in support of public programmes. From January 1, 2000, the Institute became one of the health-related institutions grouped under the newly established College of Health Sciences.
REGIONAL INSTITUTE FOR POPULATION STUDIES: Established jointly in 1972 by the United Nations Organisation and the Government of Ghana, it promotes and strengthens research and training in demography for students from English-speaking countries in Africa. The Institute offers MA, MPhil and PhD degree courses. The Institute organizes seminars, workshops, ad hoc courses of study and in-service training in Demography and related fields at the request of governments and institutions mainly in English-speaking African countries. Given its regional and international character, a significant number of the Institute’s students come from other African countries.
Centres of Research/Learning
REGIONAL TRAINING CENTRE FOR ARCHIVISTS: Since 1974, the University has hosted the Centre within the Department of Library and Archival Studies. It offers a sub-degree Diploma course in Archives Administration for anglophone countries in Africa as well as a Graduate programme in Archival Studies. In the 2000-2001 academic year, a Bachelor’s degree programme in Library, Archives and Information Studies was added to its range of academic programmes. The Department of Library and Archival Studies has assumed a new name: The Department of Information Studies, a move aimed at bringing the name of the department to fall in line with the new focus of its work.
LANGUAGE CENTRE: The Language Centre was founded in 1970 as a Centre for research in Language use in Ghana, having the status of a department in the Faculty of Arts. For the first ten years of its existence, it was supported by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation, which funded the building it occupies. It later received Ford Foundation support, especially for staff development. The British Council supplied its Language Laboratory in 1980 and has provided small sums at various times. The focus of the Centre is on research and teaching related to the improvement of performance in the languages used in Ghana as vectors of education, culture and community interaction - English, the official language, and various Ghanaian languages.
CENTRE FOR TROPICAL CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS: The Centre for Tropical Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics was established in the Univer-sity of Ghana Medical School in 1982 with a grant from the UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR). The grant was to increase research and training capabilities in Clinical Pharmacology, especially pharmacokinetics of antimalarial, antischistosomal and antifilarial drugs. The grant period was from 1982-1986. The Centre has the status of a department in the Medical School. The principal activities of the Centre are directed towards achieving the institutional objectives of the University of Ghana Medical School.
LEGON CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (LECIA): The Legon Centre for International Affairs, LECIA, was established by the University of Ghana in December, 1989. Its central purposes are:
the inter-disciplinary postgraduate academic training for qualified applicants and Foreign Service personnel;
the organisation of seminars, workshops, and short courses on specified subjects of current international interest;
research and publication in the areas of International Affairs, International Law and Practice.
The Centre runs a 12-month course in International Affairs leading to the award of an MA degree in accordance with the existing University of Ghana Regulations.
THE INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR AFRICAN MUSIC AND DANCE: The International Centre for African Music and Dance was established at the University of Ghana in the 1992-93 academic year to serve as a focus for the development of materials and programmes in African Music and Dance that meet the needs of scholars, research students and creative artists. It is intended:
to provide a forum for international meetings, conferences, seminars, workshops and special events in African music and dance;
to serve as an Archival Documentation and study centre for African Music and Dance;
to promote and coordinate research, creative and development projects in music and dance;
- to prepare and publish monographs, source materials, bibliographies and an International Journal of African Music and Dance, and to serve as a clearing house for information on events, artists, scholars and institutions concerned with the study and promotion of African music and dance.
CENTRE FOR GENDER STUDIES AND ADVOCACY: The Centre for Gender Studies and Advocacy (CEGENSA) was established y the University Council in 2005, and was officially inaugurated on 14th March 2006. The Centre is currently located at the Institute of African Studies which is hosting the Centre until it can move into its own facilities. The Centre’s initial activities are supported with a core TALIF grant (Teaching and Learning Innovative Fund). The Centre has eight facl areas: Academic Planning and Curriculum development – including the development of short courses, engendering existing courses and building capacity in curriculum development; upgrading the Resource Centre: policy planning; the development of mentoring programmes for junior faculty and students; the creation of a sexual assault crisis and counselling unit; the professional development of counsellors for the couselling unit; research, and outreach and extension work.
CENTRE FOR MIGRATION STUDIES AND RESEARCH: The Centre for migration studies and research serves as a co-ordinating point for all stakeholders involved inteaching, research, advocacy and extension activities in migration within and outside the University. Its key objectives are: to co-ordinate past and current research activities on migration by Faculties, Departments, Institutes and Centres; undertake research activities on migration related issues from a multi-disciplinary appraoch; promote migration studies at the graduate level through a multi-policy on migration through the provision of relevant data on migration and related issues; collaborate with relevant institutions, departments and agencies working on migration and related issues; and build capacity through short-term training programmes in specific areas.
OTHER RESEARCH UNITS AND FACILITIES
VOLTA BASIN RESEARCH PROJECT: The Volta basin refers to the approximately 400,000 sq. km drained by River Volta and its tributaries in the West African countries, Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo, Benin, and Ghana where the basin makes up about 70 percent of the mainland. The Volta Basin Research Project (VBRP) was established by the University of Ghana in 1963 to carry out, through a multi-disciplinary methodology, research into the positive and negative changes within the volta basin, following the damming of river Volta at Akosombo and, subsequently, downstream at Akuse, and the consequent creation of artificial lakes behind the dams. As with many major river basin development projects, it was deemed imperative to conduct pre-impoundment studies on what would be lost irretrievably after the damming, scientifically monitor and appraise continuously the expected multi-faceted social and economic impacts, and formulate measures against the many adverse effects that such a major environmental disruption was bound to cause nationally and internationally. The five major areas identified for research were fisheries agriculture, hydrobiology, public health, socio-economic development, and archaeology which, essentially, became passe, after the completion of the creation of the lakes, the first of which is among the largest in the world. Traditionally research work is vested in full-time Research Fellows who, also, partly teach in the Departments to which they, together with their Technicians, are attached. Through this arrangement, the VBRP has generated substantial scientific information about the Volta basin, and contributed significantly towards its socio-economic development by discovering solutions for problems associated with the damming.
LEGON SEISMOLOGICAL OBSERVATORY: The Ghana Geological Survey Department has installed seismological equipment in the University’s Department of Geology as part of a Telemetric Seismograph Network. The main station at Legon is served by a number of smaller stations located in the south-eastern part of Ghana (Tema, Shai Hills, Akosombo, Koforidua, Kukurantumi, Weija and Winneba) which transmit signals by radio waves. The network monitors seismic activities in the country.
LEGON BOTANICAL GARDENS: The Legon Botanical Gardens covering an area of approximately 25 hectares support the scientific research of the Department of Botany. They contain plant species of the tropics and semi-tropics, including a large collection of palms from various tropical areas. In addition to the sale of plants and wreaths, landscaping and horticultural services, there are facilities in the gardens for picnics by individuals, families and social groups.
LIBRARY FACILITIES: The Balme Library is the main library of the University with a holding of about 300,000 volumes, including a notable section on Africana, and about 5,000 periodicals. Non-members of the University are allowed the use of the Balme Library. They may register as external borrowers. Departmental and Hall libraries supplement facilities available in the Balme Library.
CONSULTANCY AND EXTENSION SERVICES: Members of the University serve on committees and commissions set up by Government, private institutions, district and local bodies through-out the country. Research work and projects of national interest are undertaken by departments, institutes and schools of the University. Through Inter-Faculty, Inaugural and Occasional Lectures as well as seminars, workshops and publications, the University shares the fruits of research and knowledge with the people of Ghana and with cultural institutions both within and outside Ghana. Through its extension services, the University participates in the life of the wider community and the practical affairs of society and keeps its teaching and research close to the real life of the society. In a more formal way, members of the University undertake consultancy for various public and private institutions. The University itself also procures consultancy contracts for its faculties and departments. In order to formalize and enhance these consultancy and extension services, the University established a Consultancy Centre which seeks and executes them using the pool of expertise within the University. The Centre aims at enhancing the University’s technical contribution to national development, increasing its income-earning capacity, providing avenues for professional satisfaction for its staff and improving the practical flavour of teaching and research. The Centre now operates as a wing of the School of Research and Graduate Studies with emphasis on Contract Research.
REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS UNIT: The Remote Sensing Applications Unit was established in 1993 as a self-accounting Unit in the Department of Geography and Resource Development with a mandate to provide Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) services and to assist research in land and water resources appraisal and monitoring, including rural and urban land use patterns and trends. It will also support the teaching programmes of the environmental and resource based departments, namely geography and resource development, geology, botany, agriculture and physics. The establishment of the Unit became necessary because of the establishment of a remote sensing applications laboratory and an ecological laboratory in the Department of Geography and Resource Development. The Laboratories were inaugurated on March 22, 1994. The establishment of the laboratories was made possible through the generous assistance of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Danish Government through the Institute of Geography under a linkage arrangement between the Universities of Ghana and Copenhagen (Denmark). The Ecological laboratory is equipped with modern facilities to undertake a large range of analysis including plant materials, soil conditions, water and sediments. The combination of a remote sensing laboratory and an ecological laboratory provides ideal facilities for multi-disciplinary approaches to resource and environmental problems which are bound to have far reaching implications not only for the quality and relevance of teaching and research in the University but also for the quest for the sustainable development of the resources of Ghana.
ECOLOGY LABORATORY CENTRE: The Ecology Laboratory at the University of Ghana, Legon was initiated in 1993 through DANIDA financial ENRECA – project. During the first project period, 1993–95, the Ecology Laboratory was equipped with instruments for conducting chemical and physical analysis on soil, water and plant samples. The second project period, 1997–9 was intended to support teaching and interdisciplinary research programmes on nutrient cycling, ecology and biodiversity. This is reflected in the composition of membership of the Centre’s Advisory Board and Technical Committee, to represent a wide range of Departments. The Centre is aimed, among others, at supporting interdisciplinary research activities, to facilitate necessary field research for researchers and PhD students; to encourage exchange of scientists and technicians between Ghana and Denmark; to conduct training courses on topics of interest to activities of Ecology Laboratory Centre and to organize seminars and workshops. The Ecology Laboratory Centre is located in the building housing the Ecology Laboratory at the Department of Geography and Resource Development
CENTRE FOR SOCIAL POLICY STUDIES: The establishment of the CSPS in December, 1997 has been initiated primarily to develop and improve social welfare services in Ghana. It is intended to fill a need for social welfare policy research in Ghana. The challenge is to provide a forum that can play a co-ordinating role for the establishment of social development network and at the same time to involve the general public in the process of social welfare policy development. The Centre, which is sponsored by UNICEF, aims at creating greater awareness on social welfare policy issues in Ghana and promoting participatory development of policies and social service programmes of action. In this respect, the Centre focuses on interdisciplinary projects that emerge from its own programmes as well as those of cognate departments, agencies, organisations and institutions. Specifically, policy areas to be covered through the Centre’s programmes and activities are: the development of the child; poverty, nutrition and household dynamics; family welfare; health; gender issues; ageing; community participation/community welfare; labour issues; environmental issues; population and development. Because of its coordinating role, the Centre serves as a Documentation and Information centre on social welfare policy for students, researchers, policy makers and professionals in the social service field. The centre has a specialised library of reference materials not available elsewhere on campus and produces a Social Policy handbook which covers a wide range of policy issues, carrying both information and programme experiences.
THE AFRICAN VIRTUAL UNIVERSITY: A World Bank sponsored Distance Education Project which has been in existence for more than two decades in the USA and some parts of Europe, involving the use of satellite communication and other communication technologies such as Video, Internet, Email protocols to beam lectures either in real time or in recorded form from universities in the USA and Europe to sub-Saharan Africa. The advantages derived from the AVU project is the provision of more cost-effective mass education through the sharing of the highest quality academic faculty, library resources and laboratory experience. In this way the project has the potential to overcome lack of facilities that prevent increased access to higher education for a significant number of students in the sub-region. The University of Ghana is among the eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa, made of six Anglophone and five Francophone universities, that have been selected to take part in AVU starting from December 11, 1997 when the protocol establishment the linkage arrangement was given the nod by the Academic Board.