Papers for submission to the West African Journal
of Applied Ecology should be written in English
and should not exceed 8,000 words in total length.
Papers should not have been submitted or be considered for submission
for publication elsewhere. Ideas expressed in papers that are
published in the Journal are entirely those of the authors and
not those of the Editors. Papers submitted will be subjected to
peer review before possible publication. Authors are encouraged
to suggest names of two potential referees. They should, however,
not be from the same Institute, nor should they have been at any
time closely associated professionally with the author(s) of the
paper being submitted. The Editorial Board regards these names
as suggestions only, and is not obliged to use any or both of
the proposed names.
Authors will receive one copy of the Journal in which their papers
are published. Author(s) may order reprints at their own cost.
Proofs come to the authors with reprints order forms
Authors publish in the Journal with the understanding that they
assign their copyright to the West Africa Journal of Applied
Authors should please submit three copies of their manuscript,
typed with double spacing, including figure legends, table footnotes
and references, on one side of A4 (30 cm x 21 cm) size high quality
paper, with 2.5 cm margins on all four sides. Papers must be numbered
sequentially, including the abstract, figure legends and tables.
The paper should be organized into the following sections:
Title page: indicating title,
short running title, name of each author, and, for each author,
position held and full address. Please indicate which address
should be used for correspondence and reprint requests where
there is more than one author
Abstract: not exceeding
300 words. Should provide a brief summary of the basic content
of the paper, including major methods used, results and deductions
or conclusions. Avoid abbreviations and do not include tables
and diagrams, and, unless absolutely necessary, references should
Introduction: to supply
background information and references of earlier published reports
related to the study and provide the rationale for undertaking
the study. Should avoid excessive references, particularly those
not closely related to the study
Materials and methods:
to provide sufficient technical information on approaches, materials
and equipment, etc., used to obtain the results reported, such
that the work could be duplicated by someone else
Results: reporting only
the results of the experiments, illustrated by Tables and Figures
Discussion: an interpretation
of the results, and its relation to other previously published
work on the subject, and must not be a recapitulation of results
the source of any financial support or personal assistance received
in carrying out the study
References: listing all
quoted published material, arranged in alphabetical order, typed
double-space. Abbreviate journal names according to BIOSIS
Serial Sources (Bio-Sciences Information Service, Philadelphia,
Follow the styles shown in the examples below:
Bhuvaneswari, T. V. and Selheim,
B. (1985). Root hair deformation in the white
clover/Rhizobium trifolii, symbiosis. Physiol.
Plant. 63: 25-34
Deutscher, M.P. (1960). Guide to Protein Purification.
Acad Press Inc., San Diego, USA.
Dreyfs, B., Garcia, J. L. and Gillis,
M. (1988). Characterization of Azorhizobium
caulinodans gen Nov., sp. Nov., a stem – nodulating
isolated from Sesbania rostrata. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Van Rhee, J. E. (1963). Earthworm activities and
the breakdown of organic matter. In
Soil Organisms. Eds. J. Doeksen and J. van der Drift.
Pp. 55-59. North Holland,
Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F. and Maniatis,
T. (1989). Molecular Cloning: a laboratory
Manual. Cold Spring Habor Laboratory, Cold Spring
Harbor, New York, USA.
References in the text should be quoted by the
author’s name and date in parenthesis and presented in date
order. Where there are more than two authors, the first author only
should be quoted, followed by et al. and date in parenthesis.
Illustrations and Tables
Should be of high quality, and line drawing. Should
be in a form suitable for reproduction without modification. Figures,
Photographs and Tables should be added separately, i.e. not inserted
in the typed text, with each figure or table presented on a separate
page, and designed for linear reduction in the ratio of 2:1 or 3:2,
for printing within a column width of 6.5 cm or a double- column
width of 13.6 cm. Lettering on axes and within figures should be
clear and big enough to be legible even upon 50-75% reduction in
size. The figure legends should be typed, correspondingly, on a
separate page, headed Legends, at the end of the article. The author’s
name, the figure number and indication of its proper orientation
should be written lightly on the back of each figure. Photographs
should be supplied as black-and-white high, contrast glossy prints.
Colour plates may be inserted only if author agrees to pay for the
All measures should be indicated in SI units. Where necessary they
may be followed by the equivalent in traditional units in parenthesis.
Change of Address
Authors should promptly notify the Editor of any change of address.
Reviews of Books
Books and monographs will be reviewed by invited reviewers. They
may be sent to the Editor.
Other Notes to
Copyright material. Authors
have the responsibility of ensuring that co-authors are in agreement
with the form and submission of the manuscript and for obtaining
permission to quote material from copyright sources
Returning of manuscripts to authors.
Manuscripts submitted will not be returned to authors unless
specifically requested at the time of submission
Proofs will be sent to authors for
final correction. However, authors are not expected
to make extensive modifications of manuscripts at this stage,
otherwise they would be surcharged. Proofs sent to authors for
correction should be returned within a week of receipt, together
with any order for reprints
Acceptance of manuscripts for publication.
Acceptance of a manuscript for publication will be indicated
explicitly in a letter to the author and whether any corrections
or modifications are required to be made on the paper or not.
Similarly authors whose papers are rejected for publication
will be notified.
Papers for publication should be submitted
West African Journal of Applied Ecology
Ecological Laboratory Unit
University of Ghana
P.O. Box LG59, Legon